Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most popular bariatric surgery procedures at our practice. The procedure alters the natural path of the digestive tract so that part of the stomach and small intestine are bypassed. This restricts the amount of calories consumed and absorbed by the body. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is both restrictive (restricts food intake by closing off a portion of the stomach) and mal-absorptive (limits the amount of calories absorbed by modifying the small intestine) and with drastically reduced hunger, gastric bypass procedure is one of the most powerful weight loss surgery procedures available for individuals suffering from morbid obesity.
Gastric Bypass Procedure
During the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass weight loss surgery procedure, several abdominal incisions are made, and a special instrument called a laparoscope is inserted through one of the incisions. The laparoscope allows Dr. Barnes and his Surgical Solutions team to view the entire surgery on a video monitor as he performs it.
Next, a small section of the upper stomach is stapled shut to create a smaller pouch. This reduces the size of stomach and the amount the stomach can hold. Then, the small intestine is divided into an upper portion and a lower portion. The lower portion is connected to the small stomach pouch, which forces digested food to bypass the stomach and upper part of the intestine where many of the calories are absorbed. The upper part of the small intestine is then connected to the lower part to allow essential digestive juices such as bile and pancreatic juice into the digestive tract. This connection point resembles a “Y,” which is reflected in the procedure’s name. The entire weight loss surgery procedure usually takes around an hour or less.